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A management company may take the form of a public limited company (société anonyme), a private limited company (société à responsabilité limité), a cooperative company (société coopérative) or a cooperative company set up as a public limited company or a corporate limited partnership (société en commandite par actions). The capital of that company must be represented by registered shares.
The activities of the management company must be limited to the management of UCIs/SIFs, the administration of its own assets being only an ancillary activity.
The management company must manage at least one UCI/SIF subject to Luxembourg law.
Authorisation of a management company is subject to having a fully paid-up initial capital of at least 125,000 euros.
The capital must be fully paid up in cash. In principle the CSSF does not permit any form of contribution other than cash neither at the date of constitution of the management company, nor for any subsequent capital increases.
Depending on its programme of activities, the management company must have sufficient financial resources at its disposal to perform effectively its functions and meet its responsibilities.
The management company must have an adequate human and technical infrastructure in order to fulfil its functions.
The application file must include a description of the organisation structure of the management company.
In this context it is reminded that both the head office and the registered office of the management company must be situated in Luxembourg. The application file therefore must include sufficient information to allow the CSSF to conclude that the management company complies with this requirement.
Both natural and legal persons are eligible to become shareholders or members of a management company. Authorisation is subject to communication to the CSSF of the identity of reference shareholders or members of the management company.
A reference shareholder, within the meaning of the CSSF, refers to any direct or indirect holding in a management company which, although not representing necessarily a controlling interest in the management company, is nonetheless of sufficient importance that de facto the major decisions cannot be taken without its approval.
Authorisation is subject to the condition that the ownership structure, whether direct or indirect, of the management company is transparent.
In order to obtain authorisation, the dirigeants of the management company must be of sufficiently good repute and have the professional experience required for the performance of their functions.
“Dirigeants” refers to those persons who, by virtue of the law or the constituting documents, represent the management company and who effectively determine the conduct of business of the management company. Professional reputation should be assessed not only on the basis of police records but also on all factors which may establish that the concerned persons are of good repute and provide all the guarantees of an irreproachable business activity. In order to assess if the above mentioned persons are of the required professional repute, the persons concerned must submit to the CSSF a declaration of honour which may be downloaded from the CSSF website, a copy of their identity card/passport, a signed and dated curriculum vitae as well as a recent extract of their police records.
Dirigeants must be authorised to effectively determine the direction of the company and must have already acquired an adequate level of professional experience through the performance of similar activities at a senior level in terms of responsibility and independence. The principle of independence of the management company from the depositary bank of the UCIs under management implies that the dirigeants cannot be employees of the depositary bank.
Authorisation is subject to the condition that the management company entrusts the audit of its annual accounting documents to one or more réviseur(s) d’entreprises agrée(s) (approved statutory auditor(s)) who can provide proof of an adequate professional experience.
The application for authorisation must be delivered by the interested party (respectively a mandate of the party or of the new management company) to the CSSF. The latter approves the application after examination of the application file and control of the legal requirements.
The duration of the authorisation is in principle unlimited and the management company (in the case where the latter continuously respects all legal obligations) may commence its activity once approval has been given.
The applicant is requested to submit an application file to the CSSF which contains at least the following information and should include the Market Entry Form that will have to be filled in and submitted through our eDesk Portal:
The identity of the reference shareholders or members of the management company indicating the number of shares held and where applicable an organisation chart of the group.
Information relating to the dirigeants of the management company:
Details of the structure and organisation of the management company:
The applicant seeking authorisation may add all information which he deems useful and necessary for the presentation and clarity of understanding of his application file.
Furthermore, the CSSF may request additional information which is necessary in order to complete the assessment of the application file.
All legal and regulatory documents (including FAQ) can be found in the Regulatory framework section.
All forms can be found in the Publication and Data section.