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The legal requirements that must be met and the procedure that must be followed in order to obtain an authorisation as support PFS are laid down in Articles 13 to 23 of the Law of 5 April 1993 on the financial sector (“LFS”).
An authorisation as support PFS may only be granted to legal persons in the form of a public-law institution (établissement de droit public) or a commercial company.
Support PFS shall prove that they have a subscribed and fully paid-up share capital of not less than EUR 50,000. Depending on the category of support PFS for which the authorisation is sought, the required minimum share capital may amount to up to EUR 125,000. Please consult the relevant legal provisions of the LFS in order to determine the minimum share capital required for the categories of support PFS you seek.
An applicant shall prove that its central administration and its registered office are located in Luxembourg. The support PFS shall produce evidence that it has a sound administrative and accounting organisation and adequate internal control procedures. The administrative and accounting organisation and internal control procedures shall be comprehensive and proportionate to the nature, scale and complexity of the activities of the support PFS. The support PFS shall have an appropriate infrastructure at its registered office, i.e. its own executing personnel, its own execution systems, the documentation relating to the transactions as well as the support functions in accounting, IT and internal control, and shall have an internal audit function.
Please refer to Circular CSSF 12/544 “Optimisation of the supervision exercised on the support PFS by a risk-based approach”.
Natural and legal persons are allowed to be shareholders or members of a support PFS, provided that they are previously authorised by the CSSF. In order to be authorised, the applicant shall communicate to the CSSF the identity of the direct or indirect shareholders or members, natural or legal persons, with a qualifying holding in the support PFS to be authorised and the amount of the holding. “Qualifying holding” means any direct or indirect holding in the support PFS which represents 10% or more of the capital or of the voting rights or which makes it possible to exercise a significant influence over the management of the support PFS.
The shareholders or members with a qualifying holding shall fulfil the required conditions to ensure a sound and prudent management. The concept of sound and prudent management shall be assessed in light of the criteria listed in Article 18(9) of the LFS. The main criteria are:
In order to obtain authorisation, the members of the administrative, management and supervisory bodies and the shareholders or members with a qualifying holding shall prove their professional standing. Professional standing is assessed on the basis of the extracts of the criminal record and of any other evidence showing that the persons concerned are of good repute and offer every guarantee of irreproachable conduct.
The persons responsible for the day-to-day management shall be empowered to effectively direct the business and shall have adequate professional experience by having previously exercised similar activities at a high level of responsibility and autonomy.
The day-to-day management shall be entrusted to at least two natural persons, who must both have professional standing and experience and closely equal powers. This two-man management principle shall allow mutual control and common decision-taking, but does not necessarily imply that these persons must act together to commit the support PFS. These persons must be reachable by the CSSF at any time in case of need, i.e. they shall reside in Luxembourg or in the Grande Région. An exemption from the requirement of residence may be requested for one of these persons but only for the first six months following the issue of the authorisation.
The support PFS shall entrust the audit of its annual accounting documents to one or several réviseurs d’entreprises agréés (approved statutory auditors) who have adequate professional experience. The réviseur d’entreprises agréé shall be appointed by the body responsible for managing the support PFS, i.e. the board of directors for sociétés anonymes and the managers (gérants) or the board of managers for sociétés à responsabilité limitée.
The authorisation as support PFS is granted by the CSSF upon written application. The CSSF verifies whether the conditions laid down in the LFS are fulfilled.
The authorisation is granted for an unlimited period of time provided the support PFS complies at all times with the applicable legal requirements. Upon receipt of the authorisation, the support PFS may immediately start to carry on business.
Before transmitting the application to the CSSF, the applicant may contact the CSSF to request information on the qualification of an activity, on the need for an authorisation, on the status requested, on the application documentation for the authorisation file or any other important question relating to the applicant’s project. The applicant may also request a meeting at the CSSF to present its project.
The applicant must submit a complete and detailed file to the CSSF by using the application form available on the CSSF website.
The complete application file shall be submitted to the CSSF in paper form and shall, in addition, be transmitted in electronic form to email@example.com.
Upon receipt of the file by the CSSF, the applicant receives an acknowledgement of receipt which indicates the department in charge of the examination of the application for authorisation as well as the name of the contact person at the CSSF. The CSSF will examine the file and may raise comments or request additional information.
The decision on the application for authorisation will be notified to the applicant within six months following receipt of the application file or, should the file be incomplete, within six months following receipt of the missing information. All decisions on an application for authorisation shall state the reasons in fact and in law.
A decision shall be taken within 12 months, at the latest, of the receipt of the application for authorisation. If no decision is notified within 12 months, it means that the authorisation has been refused.
The decision of the CSSF may be referred to the Tribunal administratif (Administrative Tribunal) which deals with the substance of the case. The case shall be filed within one month, or else shall be time-barred.